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7.2Suggested reading / Interesting online sources
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(Intelligent) Software Agents:
Franklin, S. and Graesser, A., "Is it an Agent, or just a Program?: A Taxonomy for Autonomous Agents":
[Info:] "The advent of software agents gave rise to much discussion of just what such an agent is, and of how they differ from programs in general. Here we propose a formal definition of an autonomous agent which clearly distinguishes a software agent from just any program. We also offer the beginnings of a natural kinds taxonomy of autonomous agents, and discuss possibilities for further classification. Finally, we discuss subagents and multiagent systems."
Gruber, T., "Agents and Mediators":
[Info:] This is a list of "some agents that follow the KIF/KQML protocols for knowledge sharing. Many are available for interactive demonstration on the web and source code is usually available".
Lieberman, H. and Maulsby, D., "Instructible agents: Software that just keeps getting better":
[Info:] "This paper explores the idea of an instructible agent that can learn both from examples and from advice. To understand design issues and languages for human-agent communication, we first describe an experiment that simulates the behavior of such an agent. Then we describe some implemented and ongoing instructible agent projects in text and graphic editing, World Wide Web browsing, and virtual reality. Finally, we analyze the trade-offs involved in agent software and argue that instructible agents represent a "sweet spot" in the trade-off between convenience and control."


Superdistribution:
Cox, B., "Objects as Property":
[Info:] "I believe that superdistribution can serve as a new paradigm for the ownership of digital property. By creating a technological basis for buying, selling, and owning goods made of bits, we can move software engineering onto the same growth curve that hardware engineering has occupied since the industrial revolution. By providing a two-tier infrastructure for enforcing ownership of digital property, we can let software engineers assemble their products the same way hardware engineers assemble theirs, building upon other people's efforts instead of fabricating everything from first principles."
Mori, R. and Kawahara, M., "Superdistribution: The Concept and the Architecture":
[Info:] A very good paper, which gives both an introduction into the concept of Superdistribution as well as a detailed look at an implementation of a superdistribution architecture they have developed.


Ubiquitous Computing / Calm Technology / Augmented Reality:
Nagao, K. and Rekimoto, J., "Agent Augmented Reality: A Software Agent Meets the Real World":
[Info:] "Agent augmented reality is proposed in this paper as a new research area that uses agent technologies for the augmentation of our real world environment by actively integrating information worlds. We introduce a special agent called a real world agent. A real world agent is a software agent that can support its user in performing tasks in real world environments, such as place-to-place location guidance, instruction in physical tasks, and augmentation of human knowledge related to the physical environment. When a real world agent correctly deduces the real world situation and the intentions of its user, it can access information worlds (e.g., the Internet) in the same manner as other software agents."
Rekimoto, J., "Augmented Reality & Computer Augmented Environments":
[Info:] This is a rather large resource page, containing links to research projects, companies, events, conferences, and other info, related to both fields.
Vallino, J., "Augmented Reality Page":
[Info:] This is "a centralized resource in the University of Rochester Department of Computer Science for Augmented Reality activities. You will find an introduction to augmented reality and descriptions of the work that is being done in this department. We will also maintain links to web pages of other augmented reality researchers."
Weiser, M., "the world is not a desktop":
[Info:] This is an article on the ideas behind both Ubiquitous Computing as well as Calm Technology.
Zimmerman, T.G., "Personal Area Networks: Near-field intrabody communication":
[Info:] "As electronic devices become smaller, lower in power requirements, and less expensive, we have begun to adorn our bodies with personal information and communication appliances. Such devices include cellular phones, personal digital assistants (PDAs), pocket video games, and pagers. Currently there is no method for these devices to share data. Networking these devices can reduce functional I/O redundancies and allow new conveniences and services. The concept of Personal Area Networks (PANs) is presented to demonstrate how electronic devices on and near the human body can exchange digital information by capacitively coupling picoamp currents through the body. A prototype PAN system allows users to exchange electronic business cards by shaking hands."


Miscellaneous:
Berka, Petr, "Intelligent systems on the Internet":
[Info:] This page contains an overview of the application areas and used (AI) techniques of Internet-related intelligent systems (e.g. mail bots, personalised news papers). The list is very comprehensive, and gives a concise overview of available applications and techniques, as well as current projects in this area.
Feldman, Susan, "Web Search Services in 1998: Trends and Challenges":
[Info:] "This year, the World Wide Web has arrived as a serious supplier of 'serious' online information. Every day, Web search engines seem to improve in their performance,exhibiting a range of new services, interfaces, and technologies designed to win a permanent share of the market. Last year at this time, one could hardly differentiate one Web search engine from the rest. They all appeared to head in the same direction. This year, the differences are more apparent. There are services for the serious business user, services for the consumer, and services for the seeker of products. Overall, competition between Web search engines clearly benefits users."
Netherlands Design Institute., "Doors of Perception":
[Info:] "Doors has made its name by the variety of different disciplines and backgrounds from which our speakers come: here are scientists, designers, philosophers, gurus, critics, misanthropes, and true believers, from four continents. They disagree on most things - but are united by their determination to address the question: what are the internet, information technology and multimedia *for*?"
McCann, J.M., "Technology CyberTrends":
[Info:] "This document contains a list of trends I have identified based upon quotes from managers, professionals, consultants, journalists, futurists, and educators who study the technologies that are driving the digital revolution, digital dawn, information highway, Internet, etc. Click on a topic to jump to the corresponding section of the document."
Mitchell, William J., "City of bits":
[Info:] "The City of Bits Web site is an imaginative, compelling, and dynamic companion to the 'analog' book. Entertaining, concise, and relentlessly probing, City of Bits is a comprehensive introduction to a new type of city, a largely invisible but increasingly important system of virtual spaces interconnected by the emerging information superhighway."

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Chapter 7 - Information Sources "Desperately Seeking: Helping Hands and Human Touch" -
by Björn Hermans